Housing Inventory Count
Point-in-Time Count


HUD requires counts of sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons for those communities receiving federal funding from the Continuum of Care and Emergency Solutions Grant Programs. These are called Point-in-Time Counts (PIT), as they occur during one night in the last 10 days of January. HUD also requires the annual completion of a Housing Inventory Count (HIC), which provides an overview of a community’s homeless program inventory. The HIC must be completed on the same day as the PIT Count.

Point-in-Time Counts serve as an outreach effort in communities, allowing communities to reach out to those who might not be able to seek help on their own.

Point-in-Time Counts establish the dimensions of the problem of homelessness and help policymakers and program administrators track progress toward the goal of ending homelessness. Collecting data on homelessness can inform public opinion, increase public awareness, and attract resources that will lead to ending homelessness.

HUD uses information from the local Point-in-Time Counts and other data sources in the congressionally-mandated Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress (AHAR). This report is used to inform Congress about the number of people experiencing homelessness in the U.S. and the effectiveness of HUD’s programs and policies in decreasing those numbers.


The HIC is an annual housing inventory count which provides an overview of a community’s homeless program inventory.

It includes inventory and capacity information on all programs dedicated to serving homeless persons in a community, regardless of the source of funding. This includes emergency shelters, transitional housing, rapid re-housing, permanent supportive housing, and safe havens. The number and type of beds or units on the HIC represents the inventory available in the project on a typical day. The number of beds and units should not fluctuate week to week or month to month.


The PIT is a count of sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons for communities that receive federal funding.

The unsheltered PIT Count includes all persons who are living in a place not ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation. Examples include persons staying in cars, encampments, or abandoned buildings. The sheltered count includes persons staying in emergency shelters, transitional housing, safe havens; persons residing in hotels/motels (paid for by public or private organizations for purposes of providing emergency shelter); and persons staying in extreme weather shelters. Persons staying in PSH and RRH projects are not included in the PIT count.

County Contacts

County Contacts are crucial point-persons in the HIC and PIT processes. Their roles and responsibilities are described below.

HIC and PIT Process

HIC and PIT Guidance

Ohio Balance of State Continuum of Care Housing Inventory Count and Point-in-Time Guidance document lists requirements and procedures for conducting the HIC/PIT Counts. All BoSCoC providers are responsible for reading and complying with these requirements. You can find this guidance document on HIC and PIT page of our site.

The Ohio BoSCoC hosts several annual webinars to review key HIC and PIT information and to provide updates and resources. Sign up for the BoSCoC listserv to receive updates about the Ohio BoSCoC including upcoming webinars. See our Contact Us page if you’d like to sign up.