Rapid re-housing is an intervention designed to help individuals and families to quickly exit homelessness and return to permanent housing. Rapid re-housing assistance is offered without preconditions (such as employment, income, absence of criminal record, or sobriety) and the resources and services provided are typically tailored to the unique needs of the household. The core components of a rapid re-housing program are:
- Housing Identification
- Rent and Move-In Assistance (Financial)
- Rapid Re-housing Case Management and Services
While a rapid re-housing program must have all three core components available, it is not required that a single entity provide all three services nor that a household utilize them all.
Rapid re-housing places a priority on moving a family or individual experiencing homelessness into permanent housing as quickly as possible, ideally within 30 days of a client becoming homeless and entering a program. While originally aimed primarily at people experiencing homelessness due to short-term financial crises, programs across the country have begun to assist individuals and families who are traditionally perceived as more difficult to serve. This includes people with limited or no income, survivors of domestic violence, and those with substance abuse issues. Although the duration of financial assistance may vary, many programs find that, on average, four to six months of financial assistance is sufficient to stably re-house a household.
Rapid re-housing has become an increasingly important tool in communities’ responses to homelessness. The model has shown success on the individual level – helping households exit homelessness and not return to shelter. Additionally, it has helped communities decrease the number of people experiencing homelessness and the amount of time households spend homeless. In the upcoming year, the Ohio BoSCoC will be focusing efforts on expanding rapid re-housing resources throughout the continuum, providing training and technical assistance on the core components, and ensuring that providers create coordinated entry systems that consider this intervention as a viable resource for their clients.