What is Rapid Re-Housing?
Rapid Re-Housing provides short-term rental assistance and services. The goals are to help people obtain housing quickly, increase self-sufficiency, and stay housed. It is offered without preconditions such as employment, income, absence of criminal record, or sobriety. The resources and services provided are typically tailored to the needs of the person.
Rapid Re-Housing has demonstrated to be effective in housing people experiencing homelessness and retaining housing. By connecting people with a home, clients are in a better position to address other challenges that may have led to their homelessness, such as obtaining employment or addressing substance abuse issues. The intervention has also been effective for people traditionally perceived to be more difficult to serve, including people with limited or no income and survivors of domestic violence.
Those who receive Rapid Re-Housing assistance are homeless for shorter periods of time than those assisted with shelter or transitional housing. Rapid Re-Housing is also less expensive than other homeless interventions, such as shelter or transitional housing. Although the duration of financial assistance may vary, many programs find that four to six months of financial assistance is sufficient to stably re-house a household.
All Ohio BoSCoC homeless assistance projects must follow a Housing First approach. This means that Rapid Re-Housing projects must reduce barriers to entry, ensure that support services are voluntary, and provide housing-focused assistance. Individuals or households with high need should be prioritized.
Rapid Re-Housing Eligibility
All RRH projects must serve persons who meet Category 1 of HUD’s homeless definition. For RRH, Category 1 of the homeless definition ONLY includes individuals and families who are sleeping in a place not meant for human habitation or living in an emergency shelter meant to provide temporary living arrangements. Moreover, although RRH projects/services funded through Homelessness Crisis Response Programs (HCRP) are permitted to serve households currently residing in TH, RRH projects funded through HUD’s CoC Program are only permitted to serve persons/households currently in emergency shelter or unsheltered locations like sleeping in a car or an encampment. RRH projects are NOT permitted to serve Category 2 individuals or families who are imminently at risk of losing their housing. For more information see the Ohio BoSCoC Homeless Program Standards on the Governance and Policies page of our site.
Category 1: Literally homeless individuals/families
Literal homelessness is further defined as homeless individuals /families who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, meaning:
- Sleeping in a place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation, such as a place not meant for human habitation
- Living in an emergency shelter or transitional housing designated to provide temporary living arrangements (including hotel/motel stays paid for by charitable or government programs)
- Exiting an institution where the individual resided for less than 90 days and where the individual entered the situation immediately from emergency shelter (including hotel/motel stays paid for by charitable or government programs) or an unsheltered location
For more information see the Ohio BoSCoC Homeless Program Standards on the Governance and Policies page of our site.
Rapid Re-Housing Prioritization
RRH providers should prioritize for assistance individuals/households with greater vulnerabilities and less likelihood of exiting homelessness on their own. RRH projects use assessment tool scores and information about homeless history to help make prioritization decisions.
Additionally, when there is an eligible homeless veteran who is not eligible for VA programs, RRH providers should prioritize the homeless veteran for assistance.
Calculation of Income for Rapid Re-Housing
To be eligible for Rapid Re-Housing assistance in the Ohio BoSCoC, households must be at or below the Very Low (50%) Income Limit Area (similar to Area Median Income) in addition to meeting other eligibility requirements. RRH providers may use the RRH Income Calculation and Eligibility Determination Tool to determine whether an applicant household meets the income eligibility threshold for Rapid Re-Housing. A completed copy of the RRH Income Calculation and Eligibility Determination Tool should be kept in the participant case file. You can find the RRH Income Calculation and Eligibility Determination Tool in the Templates section of our Training and Templates page.
The Ohio BoSCoC Homeless Program Standards provide detailed guidance for RRH providers. You can find the Ohio BoSCoC Homeless Program Standards in the Documents section of our Guidance and Policies page.
The following resources have been made available for those who would like additional RRH training. It is not required that you view the trainings below.
An Introduction to the Rapid Re-Housing Standards – February 22, 2018
An Introduction to the Rapid Re-Housing Standards Presentation
An Introduction to the Rapid Re-Housing Standards Recording
Rapid Re-Housing Standards: A Deeper Dive – February 26, 2018
Rapid Re-Housing Standards: A Deeper Dive Presentation
Rapid Re-Housing Standards: A Deeper Dive Recording
Making Rapid Re-Housing Successful in Rural Communities – April 11, 2018
Making Rapid Re-Housing Successful in Rural Communities Presentation
Rapid Re-Housing for Youth – December 12, 2018
Rapid Re-Housing Transition Age Youth Presentation
Rapid Re-Housing Transition Age Youth Recording
National Alliance to End Homelessness Rapid Re-Housing Resources
USICH Rapid Re-Housing Resources
HUD Exchange Rapid Re-Housing Brief
NAEH RRH Toolkit
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